Governments all over the world use a criminal justice system to deal with crime and punishment. Most countries have a single, centralized institution that represents the entire system.
Misdemeanors and felonies are both crime classifications. They indicate the seriousness of the offense. A misdemeanor is considered a minor form of legal an infraction. It is usually punishable with hefty fines and the potential for jail time in local or county facilities. Felonies are more serious and may include some level of violence. The outcome could be a year or more of imprisonment in state or federal prisons.
A background check is an investigation into an individual’s or organization’s personal and professional history. It is a process that includes compiling information on his or her complete record that includes employment, criminal background, commercial and financial records, and other relevant information. Technology now allows for extensive amassing of all forms of data that can be accessed either gratis or for a nominal fee.
Police officers are entrusted with public safety, handling firearms, critical situation management, tens of thousands of dollars in equipment, and using good judgment.
The U.S. Constitution and its amendments afford Americans a number of rights and freedoms — to speak as we want, to keep and bear arms, to practice a religion of our choosing. Another such right is that of staying informed about the goings-on in our government by requesting copies of open records kept by any federal agency.
The American Correctional Association is a private nonprofit professional development group aimed at establishing standards for correctional facilities and professionalizing the jobs of administrators and guards.
Prison rape – or any sort of sexual assault of inmates – is a serious issue. In 2003 a bipartisan bill supported by Senators Edward Kennedy (D-MA) and Jeff Sessions (R-AL) called for the creation of a system of reporting so that the number of prison rapes could be quantified.
Education about fire dangers and risks and related emergency preparedness are mainly communicated through fire codes or regulations now, although the U.S. Fire Administration agency is tasked with carrying the campaign forward. Codes have made it common for us to see fire escape plans on every floor of hotels, in large restaurants, and in schools. Buildings are constructed to strict codes, including sprinkler systems required in buildings with particular capacity or use (such as schools, churches, and meeting halls). And electrical components and equipment are held to a high standard through testing.
Every growing company – or even those companies that are shrinking – need to be aware of anti-discrimination laws around hiring and firing employees, because some are likely to be protected by law.
Government benefits or assistance is often referred to as “welfare” but that term is generic and covers many programs that aid different categories of people.
When you’re in a car accident, it can be hard to think about what to do next. You may be concerned about the safety of others in your vehicle or injuries you have sustained. Traffic may be zipping by dangerously close, and strangers may be hovering around you asking questions.
The National Police Foundation is a nonprofit professional organization focused on studying and improving police work in the United States. It was founded in 1970 by the Ford Foundation, when the country was in great turmoil, including riots and anti-war marches that put police on the front lines.
Drug abuse and addiction has been an issue in the United States for more than 100 years, yet we continue to struggle with effective treatments. In 1917 drugs like morphine and cocaine were misused, and scientists began studying their effects as well as ways to treat individuals who were addicted.
Circuses were once considered a part of American life and traditions, as human performers and exotic animals traveled from city to city to dazzle audiences with feats of strength, bravery, and daring amid an atmosphere of excitement.
Women have had a role in American law enforcement for more than 150 years, with responsibilities expanding to more active, decision- and policy-making positions over time. Yet the field still favors men by a large percentage.
Homelessness is a big problem in the United States. The issue was first identified in the 1870s. Then during the Great Depression of 1930, the number of homeless, poverty-stricken, hungry people soared to more than 2 million.
Roughly 0.17% of American’s population is homeless. This statistic means that each day around 554,000 people are living on the streets without shelter from the elements or food to eat.
The United States U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Agency has developed Trusted Traveler Programs to help frequent international travelers exit and reenter the U.S. more quickly and efficiently.
In this modern, interconnected world, cybercrime is at an all-time high and getting worse all the time. Shockingly, more than 230,000 malware versions appear every day. Every 39 seconds a hacker attacks. One in three Americans are victims of cyber-attacks each year.
The Safe Streets anti-crime program works like the plot of an action movie: send former felons-turned crime fighters into the blighted inner-city neighborhoods they know to turn it around, one life at a time.
Operation Identification is a property theft deterrent and recovery technique disseminated through Neighborhood Watch Program groups. It is comprised of ways to inscribe identification numbers on valuables along with window decals that warn potential thieves that the owner’s possessions are marked for recovery.
Law enforcement’s tasks primarily focus on the punitive, such as catching bad guys and throwing them in jail, but other strategies are proactive, including helping to deter people from criminal acts.
Teen courts are age-specific diversion programs that operate outside of but in conjunction with a state’s judicial system. Teen courts are not substitutes for juvenile courts, but rather an alternative used in specific instances. Most states that offer teen courts only divert low-level misdemeanor cases to them in the hope that first-time offenders will not become repeat visitors to the judicial system.
In life, emergencies happen, but if you plan ahead and know what to expect, you can handle them with confidence. The more you know ahead of time, the easier it will be handle emergencies and keep you and your family safe.
1 is an emergency phone number for North America. It works in 98% of the U.S. and Canada. When someone dials 911, they are connected to a dispatch office in their local area that has access to emergency resources and can send help to you wherever you are.
A walking school bus is merely a group of children walking to school with one or more adults for supervision. This could be as simple as just two families in a neighborhood agreeing to take turns walking the kids to school.
The Safe Haven Act for Newborns is a government program that allows parents to give up custody of their newborn baby without legal consequence. They can drop the baby off safely and anonymously at a fire station, hospital emergency room or police station. Most often it is an emergency room. When you drop your baby off, you do not need to give your name or any other information.
Burglary is the illegal entry or attempted entry of a private residence or business. It may or may not include theft but usually carries the intention of committing a crime.
Schools should be a safe haven where children go to learn, socialize and grow; they should not have to worry about violent crime. However, in recent years there have been many incidents at schools, which have resulted in the need for programs and increased security to eliminate the threat of violence in schools and keep the learning environment safe.
The holidays are a time of cheer, joyfulness and good will towards men, and unfortunately also more crime. The question on everyone’s mind is why during the holidays does crime rise.
Neighborhood safety is everyone’s responsibility. By coming together as a community, you strengthen bonds and create a safer, more secure environment for all residents.
Ethics is the study and practice of moral principles. In practical terms, every aspect of law enforcement includes some element of ethics because policing is concerned with the cause of justice, which is the underpinning of a democratic society.
Stress among police officers has always been a serious subject, but rather than improving as a result of understanding and recognizing it, last year it took a dire turn when more police and firefighters committed suicide than died on the job. In 2017, 129 police officers died on the job but another 140 committed suicide. That’s a significant increase from 106 police suicides in 2016. Many believe that job stress is a significant contributor to the problem.
Public safety and the national crime rate is an important topic on the minds of most Americans, especially those with children. It can make going to sleep at night much easier if you know that you live in a safe neighborhood
Regardless of whether you are guilty or innocent being arrested can be scary and uncomfortable. Depending on the circumstances, it may be clear why you were ar-rested or not. However, you do have rights and should know what they are so you can exercise them anytime that law enforcement officers detain you.
The holidays are great, filled with fun, food, and family. Sometimes though we get so caught up in the adventure, we fail to realize there are also possible dangers we need to be aware of and take action to prevent. Don’t let these hazards ruin your holidays
Halloween is a fun time for kids of all ages. It’s the one night we can dress up like silly characters and indulge in scary fantasies and eat buckets full of candy.
Police scanner codes and abbreviations are used to keep the communication between the officers brief and quick.
Police officers are trained to face critical situations, make quick decisions and take actions.
Law Enforcement Code of Ethics are the principles of police officers daily actions and decision-making. Ethical police officers inspire public confidence in the law and by itself encourages law-abiding behavior.
The crime rate in the United States has dropped. Nevertheless the number of fatal police shooting cases has increased during recent years.
Many states have a variety of law enforcement officers, which makes jurisdiction an important issue for those reporting crimes and those prosecuting crimes.
Navigating the tricky waters of being a teenager is sometimes difficult, but if you follow the rules and take proper action to protect your rights and those of others, it will be easier in the long run.
Police work is extremely stressful. Combine that with the subculture of law enforcement driving their impulses and expectations, and you have a powder keg of trouble waiting to happen in tense situations where life and death decisions are needed.
United States crime has been monitored and reported through a large period of time. Crime rates have risen and fallen with a dramatic peak withing last few decades.
Stalking is a serious crime. One in six women are stalked during their lifetime and women are twice as likely to be stalked than men.
Some things go on in our world that we would like to shy away from because they are too ugly to contemplate and human trafficking is one of them. Despite the average person’s ignorance of the subject, human trafficking is a serious problem in the US
The AMBER Alert system is designed to save kids lives by using a large, national resource, “the public” as extra sets of eyes. Essentially by getting the word out quickly, law enforcement can rely on tips from anonymous sources that help locate and bring kids home safely.
When dealing with a member of law enforcement it is essential to remember, we as citizens have rights and responsibilities. Being questioned or detained by a police officer may be unsettling but if you are well informed, you can get through it smoothly and confidently.
Documentation is the basis of the legal system and police reports constitute the bulk of the criminal portion. These reports are written records that compile information supporting arrests, arraignments, and prosecution of criminal behavior, from petty theft to online stalking to violent acts.